Double Ninth Festival
The 9th day of the 9th lunar month is the traditional Chongyang Festival, or Double Ninth Festival. It usually falls in October in the Gregorian calendar. In an ancient and mysterious book Yi Jing, or The Book of Changes, number "6" was thought to be of Yin character, meaning feminine or negative, while number "9" was thought to be Yang, meaning masculine or positive. So the number nine in both month and day create the Double Ninth Festival, or Chongyang Festival. Chong in Chinese means "double." Also, as double ninth was pronounced the same as the word to signify "forever", both are "Jiu Jiu," the Chinese ancestors considered it an auspicious day worth celebration. That's why ancient Chinese began to celebrate this festival long time ago.
The custom of ascending a height to avoid epidemics was passed down from long time ago. Therefore, the Double Ninth Festival is also called "Height Ascending Festival". The height people will reach is usually a mountain or a tower. Ancient literary figures have left many poems depicting the activity. Even today, people still swarm to famous or little known mountains on this day.
On this day, people will eat Double Ninth Gao (or Cake). In Chinese, gao (cake) has the same pronunciation with gao (height). people do so just to hope progress in everything they are engaged in. There is no fixed ways for the Double Ninth Cake, but super cakes will have as many as nine layers, looking like a tower.
The Double Ninth Festival is also a time when chrysanthemum blooms. China boasts persified species of chrysanthemum and people have loved them since ancient times. So enjoying the flourishing chrysanthemum also becomes a key activity on this festival. Also, people will drink chrysanthemum wine. Women used to stick such a flower into their hair or hang its branches on windows or doors to avoid evilness.
In 1989, the Chinese government decided the Double Ninth Festival as Seniors' Day. Since then, all government units, organizations and streets communities will organize an autumn trip each year for those who have retired from their posts. At the waterside or on the mountains, the seniors will find themselves merged into nature. Younger generations will bring elder ones to suburban areas or send gifts to them on this day.
people like to climb mountains on this festival, so Double Ninth Festival is also called “Mountain-climbing Festival “.
The 9th lunar month, with clear autumn sky and bracing air, is a good time for sightseeing. So people, both ancient and present, love to go sightseeing this month.
Apart from expelling bad luck and disasters, climbing mounting also indicates “climbing to a higher position”, and it is also an important reason why ancient people pay much attention about this custom. Another reason that climbing mountains are valued by people, especially by the elderly is that is has a meaning of “climb to a longevous life”. Also for this reason people believe that climbing mountains can make people live a more longevous life.
It is really refreshing to climb mountains and enjoy the beauty of nature at this bright and clear time in autumn. Climbing mountains on Double Ninth Festival was already prevailing in the Tang Dynasty, and a lot of poems were devoted to this custom.
Enjoying Chrysanthemum Flowers
Chrysanthemum originated in China and was recorded in some Chinese books as early as the 5th century B.C. Chrysanthemum blossom in the ninth lunar month have a beautiful name of “flower of longevity”.
Drinking Chrysanthemum Flower Wine
The chrysanthemum flower wine is unique in brewing. In ancient times，people usually picked fresh chrysanthemum flowers and leaves on the 9th of the 9th lunar month, and brewed the mixture of them and grains into the wine, which would not be drunk until the same day next year. The wine is said to have wholesome effects on sharpness of the eye, alleviation of headache, drop of hypertension, reduction of weight and removal of stomach trouble, thus contributing to longevity. It is said that the drinkers of the chrysanthemum wine would be free from evil and have strong physique against cold weather.
The dogwood is a species of evergreen arbor; it is heavy-scented plant whose fruit is edible and stock and leaves can be medicinal materials. They can expel insects, get rid of the humidity, help digestion and cure inner heat. It puts out purple flowers in spring and bears, in autumn, purplish-brown fruit that is sour, puckery and mild in nature.
Eating Double Ninth Cake
The Double Ninth cake is also known as “chrysanthemum cake” or “flower cake”. It dates back to the Zhou Dynasty. It is said that the cake was originally prepared after autumn harvests for farmers to have a taste of what was just in season, and it gradually grew into the present cake for people to eat on the Double Ninth Day.
And most traditional festivals, like the Chung Yeung Festival is also an ancient legend.
Down in the Eastern Han Dynasty, Ruhe devil, as long as it appeared, some people get sick every family, every day someone died, that people who suffer with the disease ravaged.
Hang a plague killing of the young King's parents, his illness has killed almost lives. When fully recovered, he said goodbye a beloved wife and his people, determined to visit Xian Conservatory, people get rid of the devil. Fuller four pision Seeking visit, visited every Goldsmith around the mountains, and finally asked to have one of the oldest in the east of the mountain, the mountain has an almighty cent long, else a distant journey, under the guidance of the crane , finally found the tall mountains, which have found a miraculous powers of the immortals long, long cents for his spirit moved, and finally accept the constant scene, and he taught Spirit swordplay, he also donated a Spirit sword. Fuller clock drilling, and finally out of a training extraordinary boy.
The angel long Fuller was called the Frontier, said: "Tomorrow is the ninth day in September, the god of evil but also to do evil, you have skills studies, we should go back to the people from harm." Sin Cheung gave Fuller a packet dogwood leaves, cup of chrysanthemum wine, and the evil secret delegated usage, Fuller rode a crane to get home to.
Fuller returned to his hometown, September ninth day in the morning, according to Sin long urged folks get a nearby hill, Cantleye to each one leaves, cup of chrysanthemum wine, well overcome preparation. Noon, with several more sharp, the devil out of Ruhe, but the devil just flew down the mountain, suddenly bursts of cornel odd smell of incense and chrysanthemums alcohol, screeching halt, faces mutation, when Fuller holding down demon sword down to a few rounds of chrysotile magic sword stabbed to death, ninth day from September, climbing to avoid the outbreak of customs handed down year after year. Liang Wu, in his "Qi harmonic mind," a book of those records.
Later, people put custom Festival assume disaster is seen as a refuge activities. In addition, the Central plains of traditional values, double nine lives a long, healthy life means, so later Festival will be established as a festival for the elderly.
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